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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛漢光(1999),生命定位與生存權--「中國人權史」研究之二。佛光學刊,2期,頁1~47
  2. 孫效智(2000),生命教育的內涵與哲學基礎。生命教育與革新學術研討會論文集,輔大教育學程中心,頁1~24
  3. 孫寶琛(1998),知識、理性與生命。台北:東大圖書股份有限公司
  4. 校園事件案數統計表 (2000)台北市教育部
  5. 陳珍德(1995),癌症病人生命意義之研究。彰化師大輔研所,碩士論文
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邵春瑛(2011)。桃園縣國民中學三年級學生生命態度之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-137。 
  2. 楊孟蓉(2011)。彰化縣國民小學教師生命價值觀與教學效能之調查研究。臺東大學進修部暑期諮商心理碩士專班學位論文。2011。1-116。 
  3. 黃朝鴻(2008)。生命教育融入國語文學習領域教學對國小五年級學童生命態度影響之實驗研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2008。1-245。 
  4. 馮意雄(2005)。工作壓力與休閒運動參與之研究-以臺北縣兼職行政教師為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-162。
  5. 李孟榛(2011)。幼兒園教師生命態度與生命教育實施現況之研究—以彰化縣為例。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2011。1-170。
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