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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 137 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台北:台北市市場管理處。
  2. 1966 《Central Places in Southern Germany》,N.J.:Prentice-Hall, Inc.。
  3. Berry,Brian J.L.
  4. 1967 《Geography of Market Centers and Retail Distribution》,N.J.:Prentice-Hall,
  5. 一、中文部分
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林珮寧(2009)。從通用設計觀點探討指標系統設計之研究-以捷運臺北車站和站前地下街為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2009。1-127。 
  2. 黃健峰(2008)。台北市捷運地下街空間區位與經營管理之用後評估研究─以捷運中山地下街及東區地下街為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2008。1-248。 
  3. 潘以恩(2012)。室內都市空間特質初探。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-118。 
  4. 黃家琳(2004)。互動式廣告看板設計之研究。臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系學位論文。2004。1-114。
  5. 胡釗慈(2007)。地下街空間規劃評估準則之研究--以台北市站前及東區地下街為例。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2007。1-161。
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