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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁導民(2003)。企業實務社群的知識分享與組織學習關係之研究。國立 台灣師範大學社會教育研究所博士論文。
  2. 王如哲(2001)。知識管理的理論與應用:以教育領域及其革新為例。台北:五南圖書出版公司。王永昌、張永宗(2002)。創造雙贏的教學策略:合作學習。生活科技教育,35卷,3期,2-11。
  3. 古鈞元(2002)。教師教學信念與資訊科技融入教學─國中地理教師個案研究。國立台灣師範大學資訊教育學系碩士論文。
  4. 江雪玲(2000)。美國教師的繼續教育─改變中的教學文化。成人教育,58,41-45。
  5. 李介至(2002)。國中小教師教學科技運用之問題分析。視聽教育月刊,43(5),21-33。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雅觀(2005)。國中教師應用科技之教學歷程探究:地理科教師應用教學科技之個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2005。1-200。
  2. 周佩青(2006)。地方教育行政機關知識管理團隊之個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2006。1-116。
  3. 高佩煖(2013)。國中教學卓越獎獲獎團隊學習歷程之個案研究-以臺中市立漢口國中為例。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-184。
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