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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李暉(2000)。科學對話與科學概念的學習-以國中生理化課學習為例。國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文。
    2. 林政輝(2002)。國中生討論數樣式關係表達理由能力之成長探究。台灣師範大學數學研究所碩士論文,台北。
    3. 楊榮祥(1988)。自然科學教學法專輯。國立台灣師範大學科學教育中心編印。
    4. AAAS. (1967). Science - A Process Aproach. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1967.
    5. Alwynelle, S. A. (1983). Determinism or probability-or teaching students how to ask questions. The American Biology Teacher, 2, 102-104.
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳梅香(2010)。探討鷹架式網路形成科學議題課程對國小學生形成科學議題能力與科學探究能力之影響。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-152。 
    2. 吳佳蓮(2005)。科學探究活動中國小五年級學童科學解釋能力及認識論之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2005。1-171。
    3. 簡錦鳳(2007)。文字鷹架對七年級學生科學解釋能力的影響。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-128。
    4. 潘威明(2007)。行動學習環境中實施探究式實驗活動之教學設計與活動歷程分析。中央大學網路學習科技研究所學位論文。2007。1-113。
    5. 賴韻如(2009)。鷹架式探究課程對學生心智模式和科學解釋之影響:以板塊構造學說為例。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2009。1-178。
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