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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王昭正、朱瑞淵譯(1999)。 參與觀察法。 台北:弘智文化。原著︰Danny L. Jorgensen(1989). Participant Observation: A Methodololgy for Human Studies. Sage Publicaitons, Inc.
    2. 畢恆達(1995)。 生活經驗研究的反省︰詮釋學的觀點,本土心理學研究,第四期,頁224-259。
    3. 蕭公彥(1992)。 新幾內亞人的成長。 台北︰遠流。原著︰Margaaret Mead(1975),Gorwing up in New Guinea: A Comparative Study of Primitive Education.
    4. Alvarez,A.(1994). Child’s everyday life. An Ecological Approach to the Study of Activity Systems. In Education as Cultural Construction, edited by Amilia Alvarez ﹠Pablo del Rio. Fundaciön Infancia y Aprendizaje Press.
    5. Corsaro, W.A.(2000). Early Childhood Education, Children’s Peer Cultures, and the Future of Childhood. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal Vol.8, No.2., P89-102.
    Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳佩玲(2010)。學齡前獨生子女及其父母教養方式與同儕互動關係之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期幼兒教育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-208。 
    2. 李慧玲(2007)。越南與台灣母親之五足歲子女自我概念的比較研究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2007。1-146。
    3. 廖秀紋(2009)。幼兒園生活經驗。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2009。1-129。
    4. 王美華(2009)。幼兒假日生活回憶之探究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-149。
    5. 林琬玲(2010)。幼兒園品質與幼兒課程經驗之相關研究。政治大學幼兒教育所學位論文。2010。1-142。
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