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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 孫邦正(民58)單元教學的基本概念。視聽教育。 11:3。頁1-6。
    2. 曾坤暘(民79)幼兒教育行政。第八章幼兒教育教學方法。水牛出版社。
    3. 黃銘惇、張慧芝譯(2000)課程設計:教育專業手冊。台北:桂冠。
    4. 黃昆輝(民57)克伯屈教育思想之研究。國立台灣師範大學:教育研究所集刊。第10輯。
    5. 黃常惠(民90)張雪門幼兒教育思想及實踐之研究。國立台灣大學家政
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 謝春梅(2007)。臺北市托兒所教保人員主題教學認知與實踐歷程研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-202。
    2. 林孟如(2009)。建構取向幼兒教學之參與式行動研究-一個班級的變革。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2009。1-268。
    3. 簡青儀(2012)。幼稚園輔導方案之研究─以彰化市一所幼稚園為例。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2012。1-179。
    4. 劉亮汝(2013)。幼兒園教師對主題課程的信念與實施歷程之探究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-174。
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