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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王錦珍(民83)。國中實習教師社會化之俗民誌研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 李欣儒(民88)。國中生活科技初任教師教學困擾與解決途徑調查研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 李建彥(民90)。國民小學初任教師工作輔導需求之研究。國立花蓮師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,花蓮縣。
  4. 洪慧蓉(民87)。國小實習教師的情緒心理與調適策略之研究(兩位實習教師的個案研究)。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 陳國泰(民89)。國小初任教師實際知識的發展之研究。國立高雄師範大學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,高雄市。
Times Cited (38) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張世仁(2012)。國小教師工作壓力與因應策略之研究─以台北市國小為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-170。 
  2. 顏妙娟(2013)。初任教師導入制度及其教學效能之調查研究。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-152。 
  3. 楊閎智(2008)。學校組織文化、教師工作滿足及壓力因應 對組織承諾的影響。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2008。1-90。 
  4. 胡麗美(2013)。國中初任導師實務知識之敘事探究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-145。 
  5. 賴衍龍(2012)。私立高職學校教師兼任行政職務者工作壓力及因應方式之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-114。 
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