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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾怡雅(2010)。大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態之相關研究。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-146。 
  2. 陳如瑩(2009)。「早發型」與「晚發型」非行少年的心智理論能力與社會適應之相關探討。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-112。 
  3. 吳明穎(2007)。青少年的分離-個體化、與父母依附及其對人際互動、憂鬱的關聯性研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2007。1-97。 
  4. 洪常耘(2012)。青少年參與志願服務相關因素與正向發展經驗探究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2012。1-118。 
  5. 廖美淑(2005)。華人社會中男女大學生生活目標、生涯自我效能及親子互動方式之關係。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2005。1-71。 
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