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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱瑞玲(民78):親子關係:子女的知覺與解釋及其影響。載於伊慶春、朱瑞玲合編:台灣社會現象的分析,25,181246。台北:中央研究院三民主義研記所叢刊。
  2. 孫志麟(民80):自我效能的基本概念及其在教育上的應用。教育研究雙月刊,第22期。
  3. 郭生玉(民64):父母期望水準不切實際十對子女成就動機之影響。國立台灣師範大學教育心理學系,教育心理學報第8期,61-80頁。
  4. 陳延鈴(民92):現實治療取向班級輔導活動對國中學生自我概念、行為困擾、及生活適應輔導效果之研究。
  5. 黃明月(民77):教師期望、教師行為與學生學業成就關係。師友月刊,250期,34-60。
Times Cited (30) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳小雅(2013)。我國中等學校師資培育生教育參與動機與學習自我效能之相關研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-168。 
  2. 洪偉銘(2015)。教師性別及高中學生知覺教師期望對數學學習成就表現影響之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-80。 
  3. 彭曉筠(2009)。新移民女性之國小高年級子女對其自我概念、父母教養態度與教師期望知覺之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-143。 
  4. 何甜夢(2015)。學生學術樂觀:自我效能、信任感、學術強調的潛在變項之驗證。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-117。 
  5. 廖苑吟(2011)。屏東縣國中生自我效能、情緒智力、自主支持與挫折容忍力之相關研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-107。 
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