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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 153 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王為國(2000)。國民小學應用多元智能理論的歷程分析與評估之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系博士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 吳清山(1996)。教育行政。台北市:心理。
  3. 周淑惠(1997)。幼兒教師之教學行為研究。國立新竹師範學院學報,10,23-44。
  4. 施承宏(1996)。無年級小學教育之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 張春興(1992)。心理學概要。台北市:東華。
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃郁文(2015)。台北市國小低年級學生家長參與學生學習及學生學習適應之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-177。 
  2. 鄭婷尹(2010)。小一新生應具備的基本能力之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期幼兒教育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-86。 
  3. 陳勉福(2008)。南投縣幼托整合後私立幼兒園所教師工作滿意度之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2008。1-159。 
  4. 陳怡君(2004)。台北縣市幼小教師與大班家長對幼小銜接之看法與作法。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2004。1-164。
  5. 謝琇英(2006)。教保人員傳染病防制教育介入效果之研究。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系學位論文。2006。1-220。
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