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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 252 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中國論壇(1985)。臺灣地區社會變遷與文化發展。中國論壇編輯委員會。
  2. 王昭正(2001)譯。John R. Kelly原著。休閒導論。台北:品度。
  3. 交通部觀光局(2002)。九十年國人旅遊狀況調查報告。台北:交通部觀光局。
  4. 臺灣體育運動管理學會(2003)。臺灣運動產業典範集錦。台北:臺灣運動管理學會。
  5. 行政院(2002)。挑戰2008國家發展重點計畫。台北:行政院。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾郁嫻(2006)。臺灣地區社會甲組女子籃球運動現況之研究—以亞東女籃解散事件為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2006。1-98。
  2. 傅星翔(2007)。運動雜誌中運動廣告呈現之社會環境以及運動產業變遷(1980~2007)。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-156。
  3. 李翔群(2007)。運動明星的形成與反思。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-171。
  4. 王志成(2007)。國營事業經營運動代表隊之研究─以台電棒球隊為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2007。1-242。
  5. 簡澤民(2007)。跆拳道館經營策略之個案研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2007。1-143。
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