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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周宏室(2001)。Mosston體育教學光譜的理論與應用。台北:師大書苑。
  2. 郭生玉(1981)。心理與教育研究法。台北。精華書局。
  3. 蔡宗達、闕月清(2003)。逆向思維的新體育教學-理解式教學法(TGFU)。中華民國大專院校九十二年度體育學術研討會專刊,(上),252-261頁。台北縣。國立體育學院。
  4. Bloom, B. S.(1956) Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Handbook I : Cognitive Domain, N. Y. : Mckay Co. Inc
  5. Franks, B. D. (1992) The Spectrum of Teaching Styles: A Silver Anniversary in Physical Education. Journal of Physical Education Recreation and Dance, 63(1), 25-56.
Times Cited (19) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許睿元(Ruei-Yuan Hsu);掌慶維(Ching-Wei Chang)(2012)。國小學童樂樂足球遊戲型式之探討。中華體育季刊。26(3)。361-369。 
  2. 游淑霞(2005)。理解式球類教學法對高中生合球學習效果之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-167。
  3. 吳其達(2006)。理解式球類教學對國小五年級學生排球學習效果之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-123。
  4. 施登堯(2006)。建構主義應用在高中武術教學之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2006。1-380。
  5. 黃品瑞(2006)。理解式球類訓練法於國小籃球校隊訓練之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2006。1-120。
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