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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 390 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁金松(2001)。國小「自然與生活科技」學習領域課程決定之行動研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 方向榮(譯)(1995)。G. Dessler著。人力資源管理。台北:華泰。
  3. 王月美(2001)。國小校長課程領導之個案研究-以九年一貫課程試辦國小為例。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 王如哲(2002)。知識經濟與教育。台北:五南。
  5. 何文慶(2001)。學校本位教師進修問題之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張喬汝(2003)。「e行動居家數位學習網」英語教學團隊合作模式之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2003。1-283。
  2. 楊智雄(2006)。國民小學校長授能領導與組織學習之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2006。1-246。
  3. 林敬倫(2006)。一所兒童中心學校經營的個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2006。1-212。
  4. 顏弘欽(2008)。國民小學組織學習、組織創新與學校效能關係之研究。政治大學教育行政與政策研究所學位論文。2008。1-267。
  5. 林美真(2008)。國民中學校長轉型領導對學校組織學習影響之研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-163。
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