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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王家通(1995)。教師權利與責任。臺北市:中華民國師範教育學會。
  2. 王茜瑩(2005)。幼兒園教師專業自主之探討。教育資料與研究,62,118-125。
  3. 白世文(1998)。臺北市國民小學教師會參與學校行政決定之研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士?文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 高義展(1998)。國民小學學校教師會組織功能、影響型態與學校效能關係之研究。國立高雄師範大學教育學類研究所,未出版,高雄市。
  5. 張春興(1989)。張氏心理學辭典。臺北市:東華。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周淑晶(2013)。新北市國中教師知覺對教師權利與義務認同與實現程度之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-119。 
  2. 程維煌(2011)。臺北市立高級中學教師組織運作成效之研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-187。
  3. 邱瀞瑩(2012)。國民中學學校教師會運作策略、運作功能與學校效能相關之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-129。
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