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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 邱美虹 (2000)。國民教育階段九年一貫課程綱要「自然與科技」領域中「自然科學」課程綱要之評介。科學教育月刊,231,20-27。
    2. 教育部(2003)。國民中小學自然與生活科技學習領域課程綱要。台北:教育部。
    3. 莊雪芳、鄭湧涇(2002)。國中學生對生物學的態度與相關變項之關係。科學教育學刊,10(1),1-20。
    4. 莊雪芳、鄭湧涇(2003)。國中學生對生物學的態度與學習環境之研究。科學教育學刊,11(2),171-194。
    5. 楊裕灝、王國華(2001)。高中學生對生態課程興趣的探討。科學教育,12,111-125。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 呂劍英(2008)。國三學生的學習風格與自然科學習興趣之研究。臺灣師範大學生命科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-125。
    2. 洪奇化(2010)。國中學生對自然科興趣現況分析~以桃園縣山腳國中為例。大同大學生物工程學系所學位論文。2010。1-90。
    3. 童鈺能(2011)。探究國一學生對生物課程的學習興趣、學習動機與學業成就間之關連。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-141。
    4. 陳佩君(2014)。嘉義縣市國中學生性別分化類型與科學學習興趣關係之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-192。
    5. 吳曉青(2016)。Google Classroom融入5E模式對學生的興趣影響之行動研究─以七年級自然與生活科技為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-158。
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