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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李志祥(2003)。臺北市高職轉型為綜合高中之問題研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班論文,臺北市。
  2. 林淑惠(2005)。行銷與招生績效之研究-以中部地區高中職為例。中華大學科技管理研究所碩士論文,新竹市。
  3. 胡夢鯨、湯堯、蔡清田、王如哲、何青蓉、黃宗顯、林明地、魏惠娟、蕭佳純、魏惠貞(2007)。我國人口結構變遷與教育政策之研究(整合型研究)。教育部委託研究,研究期間:2006年6月至2007年8月。
  4. 國立臺灣師範大學教育研究中心(2005)。技職教育一般科目課程發展中心暨一般科目群科中心學校電子報,第24期。2006年11月2日,取自:
  5. 張憲庭(2005)。「少子化」對學校經營之影響與因應策略。國教新知。第52卷第3期,頁50-55。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳小曼(2014)。少子化趨勢的學校因應策略-以某私立女中為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-132。 
  2. 田桂華(2014)。基北區私立高中職學校行銷策略之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-161。 
  3. 戴志勳(2013)。免試入學後私立高中行銷策略認知對學生就讀意願影響之研究-以長榮高中為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2013。1-83。 
  4. 石幸真(2009)。台中縣國民小學因應少子化經營策略之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2009。1-131。 
  5. 石幸真(2009)。台中縣國民小學因應少子化經營策略之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2009。1-131。
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