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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1 、交通部觀光局 (2002)。生態旅遊白皮書。台北市:交通部觀光局。
  2. 2 、交通部觀光局網站 (2004.9.8)。中華民國九十五年國人旅遊狀況調查。
  3. 7、王育群 (1996)。生態觀光—國際發展現況。戶外遊憩研究,9(4),19-30。
  4. 8、王鑫 (2001)。生態旅遊與永續旅遊。生態旅遊推廣講義,17-29。台北市:中華民國永續生態旅遊協會。
  5. 10、左顯能 (1993)。生態觀光之發展策略。戶外遊憩研究,6(4),25-34。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉以煥(2012)。臺北市高職校長轉型領導、教師教學自我效能與創新工作行為的關係之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-282。 
  2. 蔡雯潔(2013)。居民對於發展農村生態旅遊意向與預期效益之研究-以關山鎮親水休閒農業區為例。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2013。1-207。 
  3. 陳碧錦(2016)。臺中市國小教師對原住民部落生態旅遊認知及潛在市場之研究。逢甲大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-128。 
  4. 張聖儀(2008)。蘭嶼在地產業界發展生態旅遊態度與策略聯盟意向探討。臺北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-161。
  5. 張竣傑(2013)。國家森林遊樂區行銷策略之研究:以滿月圓國家森林遊樂區為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-195。
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