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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王泓翔(2003)。專利分析應用於專利策略選擇之探索性研究。元智大學企業管理學系碩士論文,中壢市。
  2. 石岱勳(譯)(2006)。平面顯示器技術及未來趨勢2005分析篇(Flat panel display 2005)。臺北縣:龍璟。
  3. 吳季庭(2002)。資訊用顯示器技術發展藍圖。臺北市 : 資訊工業策進會資訊市場情報中心。
  4. 拓墣產業研究所(2007)。揭開面板產業戰國時代。台北市:拓墣科技。
  5. 黃朝義(2000)。韓國TFT LCD 產業分析。2007年7月19日,取自:
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉威克(2015)。建構專利布局的分析模式。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-153。 
  2. 林佳蓁(2012)。我國半導體晶圓製造產業專利佈局之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2012。1-136。
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