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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王小文、林晏洲(1998)。大屯自然公園戶外遊憩者之遊憩衝突研究。戶外遊憩研究,11(1),65–84。
  2. 王羿婷(2006)。登山健行者對登山自行車活動者之遊憩衝突與因應行為研究以彰化縣花壇鄉虎山岩區為例。未出版碩士輪文,靜宜大學,臺中。
  3. ?淑芬(2003)。?性保健志工人格特質、組織承?與?馳經驗關係之探討。未出版碩士論文,大?大學,彰化。
  4. 侯錦雄、郭彰仁(1998)。香客與戶外遊憩者之遊憩衝突探討-以松柏領宗教觀光區為例。戶外遊憩研究,11(2),1-18。
  5. 張基贊(2005)。風帆運動參與歷程之研究-以新竹及福隆帆船俱樂部為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 魏妍儀(2014)。衝浪者認真休閒、休閒阻礙與休閒協商關係之研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2014。1-168。 
  2. 王偉民(2009)。衝浪品牌的視覺識別設計表現。臺灣師範大學設計研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-148。
  3. 傅筱涵(2010)。臺灣衝浪運動參與者動機與現況之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-132。
  4. 簡淑婕(2012)。高職學生參與定向越野流暢經驗與團隊凝聚力及身心健康關係研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-206。
  5. 蔡蕙如(2012)。高職室內設計科教師領導風格、班級氣氛與學生心流經驗之相關研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2012。1-163。
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