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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳昌家(2002):電腦動畫輔助教學對國中學生粒子概念學習成效之研究。台北市:國立臺灣師範大學化學系碩士論文(未出版)。
  2. 吳復中(2000):概念生態對國中學生呼吸作用概念發展之影響。台北市:國立臺灣師範大學生物學系碩士論文(未出版)。
  3. 吳瑞源和吳慧敏(2008):動畫教材之學習者控制播放模式與多媒體組合形式對學習成效與學習時間影響之研究。師大學報:科學教育類,53(1),1-26。
  4. 林余思(2002):國中學生在資訊科技融入生物科學習中後設認知的表現。台北市:國立臺灣師範大學生物學系在職進修碩士論文(未出版)。
  5. 林曉雯(2003):學生對「開花植物生長與發育」概念之了解。師大學報:科學教育類,48(1),47-62。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李育蓉(2014)。應用Office 365社群網路合作學習於中學自然科學教育之研究。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-83。 
  2. 林惠真(2010)。電腦多媒體呈現方式對化學實驗學習成效影響之研究 -以有機化合物實驗為例。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-109。 
  3. 許正憲(2010)。融入簡報式電腦多媒體對國一學生學習循環系統認知與學習動機之研究。臺灣師範大學生命科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-104。
  4. 黃淑貞(2010)。應用不同媒體融入教學對國中生學習成就之影響:以生物科技為例。臺灣師範大學生命科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-94。
  5. 劉馨惠(2011)。多媒體教學對國中七年級學生細胞單元學習成就之影響。臺灣師範大學生物學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-154。
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