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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ?政院?工委員會(2005)。九十三?台灣地區身心障礙者?動?況調查。台?市:作者。
  2. 行政院勞工委員會(2006)。九十四年台灣地區身心障礙者勞動狀況調查。台北市:作者。
  3. 吳琇瑩(2004)。智能障礙學生高中職畢業後影響就業因素的探討。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 高馨玲、任麗華(2005)。智能障礙者維持就業階段工作適應之探討—以三位中度智能障礙女性為例。特殊教育與復健學報,13,179-207。
  5. 張萬烽(2002):智障者一般就業技能評量表之發展。國立高雄師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾婉婷(2015)。影帶示範教學應用於中重度智能障礙學生清潔服務技能學習成效之研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-146。 
  2. 陳欣如(2013)。漫漫長路之就業歷程-以台南市成人智能障礙者為例。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-117。 
  3. 王俊雄(2011)。休閒農場成立庇護農場可行性之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2011。1-163。 
  4. 葉琇姍(2016)。「做個就業好公民」的身心障礙者就業促進論述-以建制民族誌觀點分析。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2016。1-354。 
  5. 許芳瑜(2009)。家長參與智能障礙者轉銜歷程之研究--應用生態系統觀點。臺灣師範大學復健諮商研究所學位論文。2009。1-234。
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