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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林秀玉、涂志銘、林祖強和鄭湧涇(2006):國一學生生物概念成長與其背景、學習與教學情況等變項的關係。科學教育月刊,292,2-14。
  2. 林雅慧、蔡佩穎、張惠博和張文華(2007):不同寫作對象對於四年級學生科學寫作內容之影響的探討。師大學報,52,47-76。
  3. 胡瑞萍和林陳涌(2002):寫作和科學學習。科學教育,235,2-18。
  4. 陳明鈺(2007):國中生循環系統概念改變之研究-雙重情境學習模式(DSLM)的影響。國立台灣師範大學生命科學所碩士論文(未出版)。
  5. 喬莉莉和洪志誠(2005):科學史融入國小自然科教學之研究。科學教育研究與發展季刊,41,17-34。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許峻豪(2009)。科學史融入九年級自然與生活科技教學之探討—以『動能、位能與能量』單元為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-137。
  2. 范斯淳(2010)。科技史教學對高中學生批判思考影響之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2010。1-202。
  3. 鄭琬柔(2010)。國小高年級學童科學本質觀、自我調整學習與科學學業成就之相關研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-138。
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