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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丁信中、洪振方、楊芳瑩 (2001)。科學理論形成與精練過程對科學學習的意涵。科學教育月刊,240,2-13。
    2. 于富雲、洪琮琪、程炳林 (2003)。網路擬題與合作學習策略運用對學力提升與學習焦慮之影響,新竹師院學報,20,219-244。
    3. 張春興 (1997)。教育心理學。台北市:東華。
    4. Clarke, G. S., & Haworth, T. J. (1994). ”Flow” experience in the daily lives of sixth-form college students. British Journal of Psychology, 85, 511-523.
    5. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1975). Beyond boredom and anxiety. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李明桓(2010)。線上學生出題題型在國小社會學習領域學習效果之研究。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-165。
    2. 陳怡君(2010)。學生網路出題結合練習活動對國小學童社會學習領域學習成效之影響。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-152。
    3. 楊晏婷(2011)。瀏覽出題機制融入網路學生出題歷程對國中英語學習影響之探究。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-163。
    4. 王思涵(2013)。數位遊戲式學習對中小學學生學習成效影響之後設分析。臺灣師範大學課程與教學研究所學位論文。2013。1-182。
    5. 陳雅惠(2014)。發展結構式擬題系統來提升國小二年級學生學習成效之研究-以兩步驟加減文字題為例。虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-121。
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