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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳怡?(民96)。跨年級學生氣體心智模式演變歷程之探究與分析。國立臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。未出版。台北市。
    2. 邱美虹(民89)。概念改變研究的省思與啟示。科學教育學刊,8(1),1-34。
    3. 董正玲、郭重吉(民81)。探究國小兒童運動與力概念的另有架構。科學教育,93-121。 葛樹人(民80)。心理測驗學。台北:桂冠。
    4. Aguirre, J. & Erickson, G. (1984). Students’ conceptions about the vector characteristics of three physics concepts. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 21(5), 439-457
    5. Carey, S. (1999). Sources of conceptual change. In E. K.Scholnick, K. Nelson, & P. Miller (Eds.), Conceptualdevelopment: Piaget’s legacy (pp. 293-326). Mahwah, NJ:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張志康(2009)。從概念改變理論探究建模教學對學生力學心智模式與建模能力之影響。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-315。
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