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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 247 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀珍(1997)。護理人員工作相關灌能之探討:比較護理人員實際感受與期望間之差異。台北醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文。全國博碩士論文摘要,085TMC00563002。
  2. 王育瑜(2004)。障礙團體設立之按摩中心的充權效用評估:以台北市為例。台大社工學刊,9,85-136。
  3. 王美書(2007)。民事保護令法庭經驗之探究?以法官與受暴婦女為中心。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 王淑娟(2002)。婦女的發聲:蘆荻社大與啟力模式。應用心理研究,13,233-249。
  5. 王淑惠(1998)。婦女與學習─以台北市社區婦女人才訓練班為例。國立台灣師範大學社會教育學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔣美珠(2015)。生命的邂逅~一位自閉兒母親的心路歷程與增能之敘事探究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-191。 
  2. 楊雅雯(2009)。焦點解決團體督導對高中職輔導教師之賦能內涵研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-148。
  3. 林純暖(2010)。臺北縣國民小學認輔志工社會支持、心理賦權增能感與工作滿意度之關係研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-147。
  4. 謝欣純(2010)。與加害者共同居住之受虐婦女的婚姻暴力調適歷程-韌力觀點。朝陽科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2010。1-178。
  5. 張祐誠(2011)。大學層級認輔志工與育幼院院童間助人關係之研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2011。1-203。
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