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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院研究發展考核委員會(2004)。93年個人/家戶數位落差調查報告報告。臺北市:行政院研究發展考核委員會。
  2. 行政院研究發展考核委員會(2005)。94年個人/家戶數位落差調查報告報告。臺北市:行政院研究發展考核委員會。
  3. 行政院研究發展考核委員會(2006a)。95年個人/家戶數位落差調查報告報告。臺北市:行政院研究發展考核委員會。
  4. 行政院研究發展考核委員會(2006b)。95年國中小學童數位能力與數位學習機會調查報告。臺北市:行政院研究發展考核委員會。
  5. 傅能枝(2003)。工業局人才培訓應用數位學習網路科學園區說明會。臺北市:財團法人資訊工業發展策進會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林世偉(2013)。雙北市國中資訊教育課程學習現況之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-136。
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