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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱克剛(民96)。幫助學生激發近側發展區間的電腦系統:以課堂發問與網站實作為例。私立中原大學電子工程學系博士論文。
  2. 杜宜展(民85)。國小學生發問行為及其相關因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心裡與輔導研究所碩士論文。
  3. 吳慧珍(民89)。探討學生透過網際網?進?合作學習對其科學過程技能的影響。國?台灣師範大學地球科學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 張玉成(民72)。創造性發問技巧之研究。國?台灣師範大學教育研究所博士?文。
  5. 黃秋燕(民94)。思者為王: 運用小組策略閱讀之探究式教學法對台灣高中生進行英語閱讀教學的成效。國立台灣師範大學英語研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡世惠(2008)。「文學圈」於國中教育之實踐──以閱讀青少年小說為例。臺東大學進修部暑期兒文所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-167。 
  2. 張筱珊(2009)。國小提問系統的設計與評估。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系學位論文。2009。1-59。
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