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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部(2001)。《中華民國九十年台閩地區兒童生活狀況調查報告》。
  2. 吳佳蓉(2003)。〈隔代教養與非隔代教養學生學校生活適應之比較〉。《花蓮師範學報》,第16期,頁109-134。
  3. 李雁萍(2005)。《隔代教養家庭少年生活適應之相關研究》。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利研究所。
  4. 張秀玉(2004)。《聽覺障礙者家長超越逆境之生命調適歷程研究-社會工作優勢觀點》。東海大學社會工作研究。
  5. 張耐(2002)。〈老少配、祖孫情-祖父母家庭親職教育方案〉。《師友》。第422期,頁41-48。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅凱欣(2011)。隔代家庭生活型態與住宅空間之研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2011。1-146。 
  2. 溫秭翊(2011)。隔代教養家庭的祖孫代間矛盾:由祖父母的觀點詮釋。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2011。1-169。
  3. 許名織(2013)。媒體中老人形象之研究:成功老化的觀點。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-145。
  4. 羅賢珈(2014)。低識字高齡者參與敘說生命故事活動之代間學習歷程研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-185。
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