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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王郁雯 (2016)。高中課程改革下的教師專業認同。教育學報,44(2),165-182。
  2. 王素芸、賴光真(2004)。教育實習的概念分析—論我國教育實習制度及其改革。國立編譯館館刊,32(1),48-59。
  3. 王凱平 (2005)。中等學校健康與體育領域實習教師教學信念之研究 (未出版碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學:臺北市。
  4. 王儷靜、邱淑玫(2002)。成為教師-師院生的專業認同。教育研究,99,58-72。
  5. 何縕琪、許智香、沈麗芬、饒瑞鳳 (2010)。培育師資生教學實踐素養之研究。慈濟大學教育研究學刊,(6),51-93。Doi: 10.6754/TCUJ.201007.0051.
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