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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江怡慧(2010)。以層級分析法探討陸生來台遊學之考量因素,東亞論壇,(470),75 - 89。
  2. 吳傳慧(2005)。正式員工與派遣員工之工作態度與工作績效的比較─以中華電信公司為例。新北市:淡江大學管理科學研究所未出版碩士論文。
  3. 沈進成;陳紫玲;林惠敏(2010),「觀光旅館業組織文化對組織績效影響關係之研究」,中華管理評論國際學報,13(1),1-21。
  4. 林廣義、溫源鳳、林水金(2011)。以AHP模式評估台灣PC零組件估應商綠色供應鏈管理項目,創新研發學刊,7(1),126-137。
  5. 高淑芬(2013)。運用橘色概念於員工幸福感之研究。台北市:國立臺北大學企業管理學系未出版碩士論文。
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