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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 31. 林金莖,1992.7,〈日本國會制度概述〉,台北:《法令月刊》第四十三卷第七期,頁14-23。
  2. 38. 侯世傑,2002,《我國國會黨團協商機制之研究-以立法院第二屆至第五屆第二會期為例》,國立師範大學政治學研究所,碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 74. 鄭明德,2001,〈論立法院黨團的法律意義與地位〉,《律師雜誌》,263:90-98。
  4. 75. 鄭明德,2003,〈民進黨立法院黨團的黨鞭制度〉,「2003年台灣政治學會年會暨『世局變動中的台灣政治』學術研討會」論文(12月14日),台北:東吳大學政治系。
  5. 78. 鄭明德,2004c,〈民進黨立法院黨團的黨鞭制度〉,《中華人文社會學報》,1:38-55。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張藝騰(2015)。「節能減碳」政治可行性分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-172。 
  2. 李麗莉(2014)。二代健保合法化過程之研究-以補充保險費為焦點。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2014。1-187。 
  3. 吳佩璇(2012)。建構台灣再生能源之議題網絡圖像:以第六屆至第七屆立法院為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-232。
  4. 侯世傑(2013)。一致政府與分立政府下之國會黨團運作-以政黨輪替2000-2012年經驗為範圍。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-239。
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