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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.吳志正,解讀醫病關係II─醫療責任體系論,元照出版有限公司,2006年9
  2. 11.曾淑瑜,醫療•法律•倫理,元照出版有限公司,2007年9月初版。
  3. 11.楊秀儀,告知後同意法則之司法實務發展─最高法院九四年台上字第二六七六號判決評釋,台灣本土法學雜誌,第73期,2005年8月。
  4. 6.楊琇茹,從病患自主權看病患家屬參與醫療決定之權限,中原大學財經法律學系碩士論文,2004年7月。
  5. 7.邱琪雯,醫師告知義務法律責任之再研究─以是否負刑事責任為中心,中原大學財經法律學系碩士論文,2006年1月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡哲瑊(2013)。從告知後同意論高齡者之醫療困境與保障。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2013。1-137。 
  2. 陳書毓(2018)。臨床試驗同意書可讀性與受試者對於同意書理解程度之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2018。1-128。 
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