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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Anderson, Benedict,Imagined Communities: Reflection on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. Revised ed.(London: Verso,1991).
  2. 2.Craig ,Calhoun,Nationalism.(Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press,1997).
  3. 3.Charles Taylor, Sources of the Self: The Marking of the Modern Identity (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989).
  4. 6.Fredrik Barth,“Introduction”, in Fredrik Barth ed., Ethnic Groups and Boundaries: The Social Organization of Culture Difference .Prospect Heights, (IL: Waveland,1969).
  5. 8.Juan Linz, and Alfred Stepan, Problems of Democratic Transition and Democratic Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post Communist Europe ( Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press ,1996).
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙炳元(2010)。馬總統時期兩岸新聞交流與中共對臺新聞政策之研究。政治大學國家安全與大陸研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-92。
  2. 黃瑞柔(2012)。胡錦濤時期中共對臺輿論戰決策之研究。中正大學戰略暨國際事務研究所學位論文。2012。1-172。
  3. 陳建維(2015)。大陸對台青年學生交流政策及作為之轉變-太陽花學運的影響。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-193。
  4. 吳怡慧(2016)。中共對臺政策發展之研究-以習近平執政後為例。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-136。
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