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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余致力,2000,〈民意與公共政策:表達方式的釐清與因果關係的探究〉,《中國行政評論》,9:81-100。
  2. 黃世鑫、郭建中,2006,〈18%爭議之Q&A及合理改革之道〉,《政策研究學報》,6:20-35
  3. 廖振威,2006,《公務人員退休所得替代率之探討》,國立政治大學行政管理學程碩士論文。
  4. 吳嘉娟,2007,《軍公教18%優惠存款制度之研究》,國立台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  5. 蘇威郎,2007,《我國公務人員退休政策之政經分析1945─2006》,國立台灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李天芳(2014)。北北基公立高職教師退休準備與理財態度之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-145。 
  2. 何佳倫(2011)。我國公務人員退休制度評估之研究-以傷殘命令退休為例。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2011。1-209。
  3. 藍夏瑩(2012)。臺灣軍公教優惠存款制度之政治經濟分析1958~2011。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-110。
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