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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增勇,2004,〈透視專家權力:以台北市居家服務為場域的行動研究〉,《應用心理研究》,第23期:頁51—77。
  2. 任麗華、林堤塘,2008,〈身心功能障礙者服務需求之探討:學習、醫療、就業服務及照護體系-以彰化縣爲例〉。《復健諮商》,第2期,頁29-48。
  3. 江明修、梅高文,2003〈自律乎?他律乎?--財團法人監督機制之省思〉,《中國行政評論》,第12卷第2期:頁137-160。
  4. 李宗勳,2004,〈公私協力與委外化效應與價值:一項進行中的治理改造工程〉,《公共行政學報》,第12期:頁14-77。
  5. 林淑馨,2006,〈日本地方政府的非營利組織政策:以三重縣與神奈川縣為例〉,《公共行政學報》,第21期:頁39-72。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李錦玫(2012)。政府審計與公共課責之研究。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2012。1-221。
  2. 劉潔嬪(2013)。桃園市免費公車委外經營策略之研究---以代理人理論的觀點。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-212。
  3. 黃秀青(2014)。社會福利政策執行與評估------ 以嘉義縣「居家服務照顧」為例。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2014。1-172。
  4. 蔡明學(2015)。台灣地方推展志願服務簽約委外之研究:以桃園市志願服務教育訓練為例。中央大學法律與政府研究所學位論文。2015。1-167。
  5. 蔡淑婉(2015)。臺北市社會福利公設民營委託服務之政經分析,1983-2014。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。
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