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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 169 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁仁傑(1999),社會脈絡中的助人行為:台灣佛教慈濟功德會個案研究。台北:聯經出版社。
  2. 丁仁方(2007),公民社會與民主政治的相互建構–日本與台灣近年組織性公民社會發展之比較。臺灣民主季刊,第四卷第二期,頁1-31。
  3. 吳介民、李丁讚(2005),傳遞共通感受:林合社區公共領域修辭模式的分析。台灣社會學,第9期,頁119-163。
  4. 沈樹華(1999),哈伯瑪斯的「公共領域」與「市民社會」理論。公民訓育學報,第八輯,頁553-582。
  5. (2005),公共領域的理想與現實:評李丁讚等,《公共領域在台灣–困境與契機》。臺灣社會學刊,第34期,頁249-258。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麗真(2011)。大學生修習服務學習課程對建構公民社會的影響。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-193。
  2. 陳信吉(2011)。境外社會組織於中國大陸合法性的建立-以慈濟基金會為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-213。
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