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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 222 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘淑滿,2004,《質性研究-理論與應用》,臺北:心理出版股份有限公司。
  2. 蔡德輝、楊士隆,1998,《治安問題與防治對策》,臺北:中國國民黨中央委員會政策研究工作會。
  3. 蕭全政、李文志,2002,《社會科學在臺灣》,臺北:元照出版有限公司。
  4. 史美強、蔡武軒,2000,〈網絡社會與治理概念初探〉,《中國行政評論》,第10卷,第1期:33-74。
  5. 李宗勳,2002,〈社會資本與社區安全之初探〉,《中央警察大學學報》,第39期:13-43。
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉素蓮(2008)。以平衡計分卡觀點評估臺東郵局績效之研究。臺東大學進修部公共事務碩(假日)學位論文。2008。1-142。 
  2. 鍾睿賢(2014)。平衡計分卡運用於非營利組織合併績效管理之探討--高雄市政府警察局合併個案研究。屏東科技大學高階經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-287。 
  3. 程淑芬(2010)。花卉生產者參與教育訓練動機、需求、成效對經營績效影響關係之研究-以台灣南部地區為例。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2010。1-118。 
  4. 陳柏任(2012)。我國地方警察經費編列制度之政經分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-101。 
  5. 江雅嵐(2011)。學校營繕工程人員績效研究-以國立臺灣大學為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2011。1-114。 
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