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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 樂天文化編輯小組(2007)。熟年生活情報6-退休新鮮人-熟年力的崛起。台北市:八方出版社。
  2. 李宗派(2009)。「探討嬰兒潮之退休概念與其變遷趨勢」,《台灣老人保健學刊》,2,70-92。
  3. 支持模式」,《社會安全問題之探討》,中正大學。
  4. 周玟琪(2008)。「從成功、活力與生產的老化觀點初探我國志願服務社會參與現況與影響因素」,《高齡社會的來臨-成果發表暨學術研討會》,行政院國家科學發展委員會高齡社會研究團隊。
  5. 黃識銘(1999)。生活型態、消費態度與消費行為之關連性研究。私立元智大學管理研究所。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張雅惠(2014)。人口老化對企業之影響與因應對策-以傳統產業為例。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-41。
  2. 陳君虹(2017)。新中年世代老年生活的未來圖像。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班學位論文。2017。1-62。
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