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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 183 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 14、 林鈺雄,《刑事訴訟法》(下冊),自版,2003年9月。
  2. 1、 余珊蓉,〈行政罰法基本問題之研究〉,台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文,2005年7月。
  3. 2、 劉宜人,〈行政罰法對租稅罰影響之研究〉,政治大學法學院碩士在職專班碩士論文,2008年7月。
  4. 3、 鄭國榮,〈行政罰法「重複處罰禁止」之研究〉,台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文,2008年7月。
  5. 4、 鍾瑞蘭,〈行政罰法中一行為不二罰原則適用之研究〉,台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文,2007年7月。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭銀子(2010)。論我國緩起訴處分與行政罰法第二十六條之 法律關係-以酒醉駕車案件為例。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-174。 
  2. 詹凱傑(2009)。刑罰上與行政罰上一行為之研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-180。 
  3. 吳俊志(2017)。行為數認定與稅捐秩序罰之重複處罰-以法院裁判為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-168。 
  4. 何松穎(2016)。論內線交易責任規範之再建構—以引進行政制裁為核心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-193。 
  5. 邱陳律(2015)。臺灣證券交易市場管理之研究—以臺灣證券交易所的上市管理為中心—。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-173。 
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