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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Manuel Castells著;夏鑄九、王志弘譯(2000)。《網路社會之崛起》。台北:唐山出版社。
  2. 才頌潔(2007)。<精神障礙者的網路諮商倫理之探討>。《應用倫理研究通訊》,42,33-37。
  3. 文美華、王智弘、陳慶福(2009)。<網路諮詢機構實施電子郵件諮詢服務之實務經驗與倫理行為探討>。《教育心理學報》,40,419-438。
  4. 方世榮、張苑惠(2006)。<網路口碑形成之影響因素:以網路涉入程度與虛擬社群管理為干擾因素>。《電子商務學報》,84,499-531。
  5. 王思峰、劉麗萍(2007)。<虛擬社群中誰比較可信任?>。《中華心理月刊》,4,1-17。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳昱憲(2015)。大學生現實人際關係、網路人際關係、現實人際滿意度、網路人際滿意度與寂寞感、自尊之關係研究。彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系學位論文。2015。1-80。 
  2. 簡志恆(2011)。歡迎來到Facebook!大學生如何使用Facebook來提升幸福感。淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-70。
  3. 李冠儀(2012)。網路創業的關鍵成功因素之探討。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2012。1-198。
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