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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 汪瑞芝(2006),<土地增值稅減半徵收對公司實質交易之影響>,《會計與公司治理》,第三卷 第一期,頁75-95。
  2. 張育哲(2006),<無財源提供強制責任在財政聯邦主義之角色—兼論「無財源提供強制責任改革法」的內容與執行成效>,《公共事務評論》,第7卷,第二期,頁137-148。
  3. 蔡吉源、林健次(2003),<地方財政自我負責機制與財政收支劃分>,《公共行政學報》,第9期,頁1-33。
  4. Gilbert, R., Stevenson,D., Girardet,H., & Stren, R.(1996), Making Cities Work: The Role of Local Authorities in the Urban Envuronment, London: Earthscan Publications, Ltd.
  5. Niskanen, w. (1971), Bureaucracy and representative government, Chicago: Aldine.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李婷潔(2016)。鄉村生活環境不利性與生活機會之關係和地方治理的角色。臺灣大學生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所學位論文。2016。1-183。 
  2. 李妮臻(2011)。補助金制度與城鄉及區域發展關聯性之探討。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2011。1-122。
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