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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 194 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁昭尤(2009)。體驗行銷,體驗價值,觀光意象,遊客滿意度與忠誠度關係之研究—以台東青山休閒農場為例。國立台東大學碩士論文。
  2. 呂紹理(2005)。展示臺灣─權力、空間與殖民統治的形象表述。臺北:麥田文化。
  3. 李銘輝(1990)。觀光地理。臺北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  4. 杜光玉、張宗昌(2009)。鐵道旅遊之體驗行銷策略與方案探討-以宜蘭線鐵道為例。國立臺中技術學院人文社會學報,235-245。
  5. 沈進成,楊琬琪(2007)。渡假飯店顧客體驗、體驗價值與品牌權益影響之研究-以劍湖山王子飯店為例。旅遊管理研究,7(1),55-81。
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