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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王一玲 (2004),所有權結構與公司價值間之內生性關係,國立臺灣大學會計學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 3.王茂昌、戴伶娜、周盛德 (2013),台灣電子業的績效指標、董事會特徵與管理階層薪酬關聯性,企業管理學報,99,pp.75-94。
  3. 5.吳妙玲 (2008),台灣金控公司股權結構、董事會結構與經營績效關係之研究,國立臺北大學國際財務金融碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  4. 9.呂學焜 (2008),公司治理與公司績效對董事薪酬影響之研究,國立臺灣大學會計研究所碩士論文。
  5. 15.許崇源、陳昭蓉 (2008),員工分紅、公司治理與未來績效,中山管理評論,16(4),pp.671-701。
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