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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.林美珍、馬麗菁,2002,「投資機構交易資訊與市場報酬之互動關係,證券市場發展季刊,第19卷第3期。
  2. 10.曾建閎,2012,「股票波動、當沖交易與報酬」,國立暨南國際大學財務金融研究所,碩士論文。
  3. 18.鍾佩珍,2002,「台灣上市上櫃航運公司外匯風險暴露之研究」,國立成功大學交通管理學研究所,碩士論文。
  4. 20.鍾熾昌,2013,「台灣股市當日沖銷、波動度、流動性關聯性分析」,私立淡江大學財務金融研究所,碩士論文。
  5. 3. Kuserk, Gregory J. and Peter R. Locke, 1993, “Scalper Behavior in Futures Market:An Empirical Examination,” The Journal of Futures Markets, pp.409-431.
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