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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳孟紋、孫鈴雅(2014),「中國銀行業女性董事與銀行財務績效之關係」,兩岸金融季刊,第二卷第二期,頁1-27。
  2. 沈中華、池祥萱(2007),「當事件公司發生非預期財務危機時,我們相信治理好的同業公司」,管理評論,第二十六卷第四期,頁77-98。
  3. 沈中華、林昆立(2008),「公司治理對基本財務資訊與股票報酬關係的影響:內生性轉換模型之應用」,管理評論,第二十七卷第二期,頁1-27。
  4. 賴偉傑(2010),「女性董事、公司治理與財務績效—以台灣上市公司為例」,國立臺北大學金融與合作經營學系碩士論文。
  5. Adams, Renée B. and Daniel Ferreira. (2009) "Women in the boardroom and their impact on governance and performance." Journal of FinancialEeconomics 94.2: 291-309.
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