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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鴻英、白智芳(2008)。 異鄉血淚、溫暖何處尋?談人口販運被害人保護。 律師雜誌, 349, 43-54。
  2. 田芳華(1998)。自傳記憶與事件-生命史調查之應用與前瞻。調查研究,6,5-38。
  3. 林冠群(2008)。“我族中心主義” 與“文化相對論”-現代大學生應有的素養。止善,4,3-21。
  4. 張晉芬(2007)。 女人幫助女人-東南亞籍女性幫傭在臺灣。評介藍佩嘉: Global Cinderellas: Migrant Domestics and Newly Rich Employers in Taiwan。女學學誌,24期 ,頁175-185。
  5. 張淑芬 (2013)。少年觀護所收容對少年再犯之影響。 臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文, 1-124。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王靖雅(2018)。資深榮民生命歷程之質性研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2018。1-83。
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