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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ehrenreich, Barbara著、林淑媛譯,2007,《M型社會白領的新試煉》。臺北:時報文化。(Ehrenreich, Barbara, 2006, Bait and Switch: The (Futile) Pursuit of the Corporate Dream. London: Granta.)
  2. 林明仁,2005,〈內部勞動市場中的升遷與工資〉。《經濟論文叢刊》33(1): 59-96。
  3. 林志重、何猷賓、林彥伶,2011,(臺閩地區戶口住宅普查資料應用及限制:以大學校院學生來源分析為例)。《地理學報》61: 31-56。
  4. 莊奕琦、陳晏羚,2011,〈紈袴子弟與流氓教授:台灣的教育與階級流動〉。《人文及社會科學集刊》23(1): 61-91。
  5. 曾敏傑、賴人豪,2003,〈高等教育勞動力低度運用的變遷:惡化或改善?〉。《教育研究集刊》49(2): 213-254。
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