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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王火炎(2007),「銀行分支機構經營效率分析-三階段DEA方法之應用」,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
  2. 高樹勛(2007),「台灣綜合型大學教學研究效率評析-三階段資料包絡分析法之應用」,國立台北大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 徐榮斌(2007),「資料包絡分析法-生產效率之研究以台灣半導體製造業為例」,國立臺灣大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 陳英峰(2006),「臺灣IC設計廠商成本效率與獲利性指標之關聯分析」,私立南華大學財務管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 張凱渟(2007),「台灣地區有線電視系統業者經營效率分析—三階段法之應用」,國立政治大學經濟研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇于中(2012)。運用Malmquist指數分析全球記憶體廠商經營績效。交通大學管理學院科技管理學程學位論文。2012。1-75。 
  2. 薛樹友(2015)。半導體經營績效與股價報酬之關係-以台灣為例。臺中科技大學財務金融研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-89。 
  3. 林姿瑋(2010)。台灣半導體產業之利潤與生產力分解-資料包絡分析法之應用。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-45。
  4. 劉宜禎(2011)。台灣有線電視生產力之探討─三階段Malmquist生產力指數之應用。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2011。1-56。
  5. 羅紹文(2011)。臺灣IC產業經營績效之評估-整合三階段Hybrid Measure與Metafrontier Model 之應用。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-220。
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