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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 238 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李惠宗,《行政程序法要義》,五南圖書,2002年11月。
  2. 楊鈞池,《從「派閥均衡」到「官邸主導」—1990年代日本政治體制改革之分析》,翰蘆圖書,2006年2月。
  3. Carl Schmitt著,蘇慧婕譯,《論法學思維的三種模式(Ueber die drei Arten des rechtswissenschaftlichen Denkens)》,左岸文化,2007年8月。
  4. Ruth Benedict著,黃道琳譯,《菊花與劍(The Chrysanthemum And The Sword)》,桂冠圖書,2007年9月。
  5. 林三欽,《法令變遷、信賴保護與法令溯及適用》,作者自刊,2008年2月。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林怡萍(2015)。建置軍人申訴及權益保障之法制探討。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-160。 
  2. 柯素萍(2017)。不利處分定性爭議之研究-以「其他種類行政罰」為中心。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-141。 
  3. 王金豐(2016)。臺灣行政執行組織與制度之政經分析,2001-2016 -以公法上金錢給付義務案件為中心。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2016。1-115。 
  4. 賴琮翔(2015)。公務人員限制轉調法制之研究。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2015。1-120。
  5. 汪耀文(2016)。我國公立國民小學教師待遇制度之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2016。1-320。
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