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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王俊豪(2008)。台灣初婚夫妻的居住安排,人口學刊,第37期,頁45-85。
  2. 4. 沈瓊桃、陳姿勳(2004)。家庭生命週期與婚姻滿意度關係之探討,社會政策與社會工作學刊,第8卷第1期,頁133-170。
  3. 6. 林佩萱(2015)。家戶購屋與生育行為關係:資源排擠與動機刺激,住宅學報,第1期第24卷,頁89-115。
  4. 8. 洪晟惠、周麗端(2011)。家庭發展階段與家庭結構對中年世代生活滿意度的影響。人類與家庭學報,第13期,頁75-100。
  5. 9. 洪嘉瑜、銀慶貞(2007)。台灣人口遷移屬性與動機的變化。東吳經紀商學學報,第61期,頁31-66。
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